Fan with finely carved ivory blades. Silk is plain on one side; the other side is decorated with approximately 300 glued on paper insignias, many of them monograms, in many colors.

Red silk with Persian leaf design in gold, lined with floral cotton.

Throughout Jewish history, the attitude toward covering the head has varied. In the Middle Ages, many Jews wore hats only during prayer and study.

Chicagoan Isadore Turner (ca. 1882-1966) served for fifty years as a leader in the local Zionist movement.

This kimono was acquired in Japan by a Jewish family saved by Chiune Sugihara, the Japanese Consul in Lithuania, who issued transit visas to Jews fleeing Nazi-occupied Poland.

As Nazi persecution of Jews intensified, many sought to flee Germany for refuge in foreign countries.